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Center for Care Delivery and Outcomes Research

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Nina Sayer, PhD

Nina A. Sayer, PhD is a clinical psychologist whose research focuses on trauma recovery and evidence-based mental health care. Her funded work examines access to and implementation of evidence based treatments, community reintegration, and suicide bereavement. Recognizing that clinician well-being is foundational to high quality healthcare, Dr. Sayer also studies clinicians themselves and the causes and consequences of burnout.

• Core Investigator, Center for Care Delivery and Outcomes Research
• Professor of Medicine and Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota

• Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
• Suicide Prevention
• Community Reintegration
• Dissemination and Implementation

BA, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
MA, New York University, New York, NY
PhD, Clinical Psychology, New York University, New York, NY


Check out a full publication list on Google Scholar.

Health Services
Mental Health

More information about the SeRV Study

photo of Nina Sayer

The M2C-Q

The M2C-Q is a brief 16-item self-report measure of postdeployment reintegration difficulty among veterans. We estimate that the M2C-Q can be completed in 5 minutes. Items are rated on a 5-point likert scale ranging from 0 = no difficulty to 4 = extreme difficulty. Respondents can indicate “Does not apply” for the four items that assess relationship with spouse/partner, relationship with child/children, work, and school functioning. To form a total score, divide the sum of item scores by the number of items completed with responses other than “Does not apply.” In a study of 754 Afghanistan and Iraq war veterans, the M2C-Q demonstrated high internal consistency, factor analysis supported use of a single summary score and associations with theoretically related constructs provided initial support for the construct validity of M2C-Q scores. The M2C-Q is in the public domain and permission is not required to use it.

Sayer NA, Frazier P, Orazem RJ, Murdoch M, Gravely A, Carlson, K. F, Hintz, S, Noorbaloochi, S. Military to Civilian Questionnaire: A Measure of Postdeployment Community Reintegration Difficulty among Veterans Using Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Care. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 2011; 24: 660-670.